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PCT Procedures

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is an efficient and cost-effective way to enter into the patenting process in many countries at one time. Although the PCT procedure does not result directly in the issuance of any national patents, it provides several important benefits for applicants contemplating foreign filing. The most important objective of the PCT is to simplify and to render more effective and economical in the interests of the users of the patent system and the offices that have responsibility for administering it. A PCT application is not an important patent application. Before a PCT applicant ion can be of use, a priority patent application for an invention must be filed in the inventor's home country. After this process priority date is obtained by the initial filing of the application, a PCT application may be used to preserve the right to file the same invention in all Patent Cooperation Treaty member countries. The PCT application acts as a placeholder, which reserves the patent rights in member states designated on the application.

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In order to obtain protection in each individual country the inventor chooses, it is necessary for the PCT to be converted in the national patent offices of the selected countries where the invention will be subject to an examination in order to meet the national requirements for novelty, obviousness etc. The administrative tasks, including translation if compulsory and the fees associated with lodging patent applications in that country, must be complied with. Therefore, The PCT application can act as a way of delaying the costs of filing in multiple national patent offices, until the inventor has decided whether it is worthwhile seeking protection in several countries.